How to enhance the independent and controllable ability of industrial chain supply chain?
Published At : 2021-06-25 Source : China Electronic News
This year's government work report pointed out that we should enhance the independent and controllable ability of the industrial chain supply chain, implement the industrial infrastructure reconstruction project, and give play to the leading and supporting role of large enterprises and the cooperation and supporting role of small, medium and micro enterprises. During the two sessions, enhancing the independent and controllable ability of the industrial chain supply chain became a hot topic among the representatives and members. Xiao Yaqing, Minister of industry and information technology, pointed out at the "Ministerial channel" of the two sessions that it is necessary to implement the action of strengthening the chain, supplement the short board, improve the industrial chain, make the manufacturing industry a strong support for economic development and ensure that the "chain does not fall off" at the critical moment.
There are "breakpoints" and "blocking points" in the industrial chain supply chain
The security and stability of industrial chain and supply chain is the basis for building a new development pattern. China is the largest manufacturing country in the world, with an independent and complete industrial system and all industrial categories. The industrial chain and supply chain have strong toughness. At present, there are many uncertainties in the epidemic situation and the external environment. The world economic situation is still complex and severe, and the recovery is unstable and unbalanced. The industrial chain and supply chain security of China's key core industries are facing many risks and challenges.
"China's industrial chain supply chain still has the problems of weak foundation and low level. Some basic products and technologies are highly dependent on foreign countries, there is a 'neck' risk in key links, and the supply capacity of high-end products needs to be improved." Cao Huiquan, deputy to the National People's Congress and director of Hunan Provincial Department of industry and information technology, admitted in an interview with reporters.
Through interviews with representative members, the reporter found that there are both internal and external factors in the risks and challenges faced by China's industrial chain supply chain security. The internal factors are mainly reflected in the industrial basic capacity and the supply capacity of high-end products to be improved, and the external factors are mainly reflected in the large number of breakpoint risks in the global supply chain network.
In terms of industrial foundation, as China's industrial basic capacity needs to be improved, some core links and key technologies are controlled by others, and there are still many "breakpoints" and "blocking points" in the industrial chain supply chain. The reporter learned that China's key parts such as high-end seals, high-end fasteners, high-end reducers and high-end servo motors mainly rely on imports. There is still a generation gap between memory chips and graphics processing chips and Europe and the United States. There is still a gap between key equipment such as lithography machines and industrial machines and the international advanced level.
In terms of the supply of high-end products, as China's independent innovation ability needs to be strengthened, the application ecology of high-end innovative products still needs to be improved. Although the technical level of some innovative products has reached or even exceeded the international advanced level, it is difficult to form a close matching with complete machine enterprises due to the late start and the lack of brand, affected by bidding policies and user habits, It is difficult to form mass production and reduce production costs accordingly, which affects the innovation of high-end products.
Novel coronavirus pneumonia is accelerating the global supply chain network, and the global supply chain network is changing to regional and diversified industries. The international transportation network obstruction leads to a large number of breakpoints in the global supply chain. The lack of a few key components will lead to the suspension of specific industrial chains.
"At present, the industrial chain supply chain of China's key core industries faces the risk of increasing the difficulty of upstream and downstream coordination, including a series of coordination problems such as global procurement, processing, production, transportation and distribution. If any link has problems, it may directly affect the stability and security of the industrial chain supply chain of China's core industries." Pan Baochun, deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman of Hefei Rongshida Electronic Appliance Group Co., Ltd., said.
Wang Xingshan, CEO of Inspur Group, also believes that building an independent, complete, resilient and flexible industrial chain supply chain is the key to ensuring steady economic growth under the background of building a double cycle dominated by domestic large cycle. He admitted that during the outbreak of the epidemic last year, enterprises with good industrial chain and supply chain and enterprises with high degree of digitization returned to work and production quickly. After the epidemic, enterprises are re examining the shortcomings of the supply chain and accelerating the digital transformation.
"Mending weaknesses" is a "hard bone" that must be chewed down
At present, China's industrial chain supply chain has both short board and long board. Some of them have weak foundation and high external dependence on basic products and technology. The short board is a "hard bone" that we must chew down to build a manufacturing power.
Hu Mingchun, deputy to the National People's Congress and director of the 14th Research Institute of CETC, said in an interview with reporters recently that the independent control of the industrial chain supply chain lies in the independent control of key core technologies. For a long time, in many key core industries in China, there has been a problem of emphasizing technology application and neglecting basic research. There is less from 0 to 1 and great efforts have been made from 1 to 10, resulting in the inability of some high-end products and technologies, high external dependence and the risk of "weaknesses".
"At present, China still has some outstanding problems in several key fields such as industrial precision equipment, high-end semiconductor chips, basic and industrial software. There is an urgent need to improve China's scientific and technological independent innovation system and effectively improve the original innovation ability." Hao Yue, member of the CPPCC National Committee and academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, also expressed the same view.
In Hao Yue's opinion, the original breakthrough of "from 0 to 1" requires not only long-term and profound knowledge accumulation and precipitation, but also the instant inspiration of scientists; It needs not only long-term and stable support for basic research, but also focusing on areas with comparative advantages and highlighting key points; We need not only free exploration, but also support the long-term strategic objectives from the source and bottom, integrate and optimize the allocation of scientific and technological elements, and carry out high-quality collaborative research.
He suggested that efforts should be made to strengthen the construction of major scientific and technological platforms such as national laboratories. With the characteristics of interdisciplinary integration and comprehensive integration, the national laboratory is an important platform for innovating the layout of industrial chain and the allocation of all factors. On this basis, there is an urgent need to give full play to the advantages of the new national system, integrate advantageous resources, effectively and orderly promote the system and mechanism of "taking the lead" in innovative research through major scientific platforms such as the National Laboratory, concentrate on realizing the major breakthrough of "from 0 to 1" and fight for key core technologies.
Liu Qingfeng, deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman of iFLYTEK, suggested that priority should be given to the R & D projects related to the "neck" technology related to China's industrial chain security and ensuring the safety of the industrial chain, especially the platform level projects of industry leading enterprises linking upstream and downstream to build an ecological chain.
It should be pointed out that independent innovation does not mean engaging in innovation behind closed doors“ We should persist in running our own affairs well, continuously improve our scientific and technological innovation ability, and promote international cooperation with more open thinking measures. We should be guided by creating value together, improve our Embeddedness and contribution to the global scientific and technological innovation network, expand the space for scientific and technological cooperation and create a technological ecosystem. " Hu Mingchun stressed.
It is worth mentioning that tackling key core technologies is a long-term investment process. First, we should stand on the bench. The NPC deputies and CPPCC members suggested that the state should accelerate the formation of a consensus of the whole society on revitalizing industry and hard core innovation, be wary of rushing into mass action, resulting in a waste of resources, not avoiding the important and neglecting the important, eager for quick success and instant benefit, advocate long-term ISM, achieve the extreme, and create independent core technology. At the same time, the state should strengthen the supporting policies related to industrialization, give play to the role of capital traction and innovation incentive, and create a good environment for industrialization and innovation, so as to promote the effective connection and deep integration of innovation system and capacity-building and national, social and industrial needs, and form a solid core technology and industrial foundation through product transformation and large-scale application, We will promote the upgrading of the industrial base and the modernization of the industrial chain.
"Forging long plate" to enhance the international competitive advantage of the industry
Having a number of advantageous long boards is an important symbol of the modernization of the industrial chain and supply chain. In addition to supplementing the short plate, how to forge the long plate and give further play to its advantages has also become a hot topic on behalf of the members. The representative members believed that China should forge long plates in cultivating and developing emerging industrial chains based on the advantages of industrial scale, supporting advantages and first mover advantages in some fields. By promoting the high-end, intelligent and green transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, accelerating the deep integration of the new generation of information technology and manufacturing industry, building an emerging industrial chain, focusing on the fields of industrial advantages, cultivating and building a number of advanced manufacturing clusters, etc.
"China has the traditional advantages of complete industrial system, long industrial chain, strong supporting capacity, large market scale, many human resources and many application scenarios. China has achieved a certain first mover advantage in some fields such as rail trains, marine equipment and new energy vehicles. Forging long plates is holding the first mover advantage." Zhang Shifang, deputy to the National People's Congress and director of Ningbo Municipal Bureau of economy and information technology, said. It is reported that by cultivating and building a landmark industrial chain project, Ningbo focuses on the advantageous fields such as new chemical materials, energy conservation and new energy vehicles, establishes a "chain length system", carries out personalized cultivation of "one chain and one case", builds a number of industrial research institutes and innovation institutions with high standards, and promotes the construction of advanced manufacturing clusters at a high level, In the field of magnetic materials, it has formed strong development advantages.
Taking the electronic information industry as an example, Hu Mingchun believes that the technology iteration speed in this field is very fast and the industrial chain is also very long. China has advantages in 5g, quantum communication, artificial intelligence, third-generation semiconductor and other fields. It is suggested that the state further increase its support, strengthen the continuous research and investment in strategic, subversive and cutting-edge technologies, implement a number of national major science and technology projects and further develop the board.
At the same time, China also needs to improve the traditional industrial chain in forging long plates. Yang Guiping, deputy to the National People's Congress and director of Jiangxi Provincial Department of industry and information technology, believes that in transforming and upgrading the traditional industrial chain, China needs to maintain and develop a complete industrial system, promote the deep integration of the new generation of information technology and manufacturing industry, strengthen enterprise equipment renewal and technological transformation, support the transformation and development of old industrial bases, and promote intelligent manufacturing and green manufacturing, Develop service-oriented manufacturing and improve development efficiency and benefits.
Cluster development is an entry point for forging long plates. The NPC deputies and CPPCC members believed that China should optimize the layout of regional industrial chains, make good use of the depth of China's development strategy, promote the orderly transfer of industries in China, promote the cluster development of advanced manufacturing industries, cultivate a number of new economic growth poles, and enhance the embeddedness and competitiveness of the industrial chain.
Li Tao, deputy to the National People's Congress and director of Henan Provincial Department of industry and information technology, suggested that we should adhere to the chain cluster development, do a good job in the design of the industrial chain supply chain map by industry, take the chain length system as the starting point, carry out in-depth actions to extend and supplement the chain, strengthen advantageous industries, expand emerging industries, optimize traditional industries, stabilize the proportion of manufacturing industry, and consolidate and expand the foundation of the real economy.